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Door Handles & Door Knobs UK

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Aluminium

A silver colour metal, usually anodised in a satin or polished finish. Its qualities are very useful because it is strong yet light. It is very popular for door furniture used in commercial buildings.


Anodising

This process is used on aluminium to produce a denser natural oxide layer. The result is a resistant layer to protect against  corrosive elements. It lends itself to colour, decoration and is reflective.


Antiqued

An antiquing process gives  door furniture an aged effect. It produces a darker or tarnished look that can be applied to brass pewter or steel.


Back Plate

A back plate is screwed to the door, usually rectangular, with the handle protruding.


Back Set

From the door edge to the centre of the knob is a measurement called “the back set”. On a latch or lock it is the measurement from the forend to the centre of the keyhole or spindle.


Bathroom deadbolt

A bathroom deadbolt is often tubular and operated by a separate turn and release. It can be confused with a tubular latch. Most bathroom deadbolts have a 5mm follower, but are available with an 8mm follower.


Bathroom turn and  release lock

Latch & separate turn and release locks are-used on bathroom & bedroom  doors.


Bolt

The sliding bar for fastening a door such as  barrel bolts, surface bolts, flush bolts, mortice bolts, monkey tail bolts, and bathroom bolts etc.


Brass

It is used for door handles and specifically for latches and locks, because of its property of low friction. Brass is a yellow alloy of zinc and copper.


Casement window

A window with hinges that opens like a door. For this type of window you would use a fastener and stay.


Centre knobs

These are suitable for roller ball latch that has a push and pull door action.


Chrome Plated

Chromic anhydride is used as a bath to dip the ironmongery to give a mirrored effect.


Deadbolt

The bar part of a lock normally made from  hardened steel or brass.


Deadlock

Deadbolts are used to keep the door in the locked position for  additional security.


Dolly Switch

A short lever protrudes from the back plate of the switch. The finger has to go under the lever or over to push up or down rather than modern switches that you push toward the wall.


Door Stud

Normally made from cast iron and finished in black they are used for decoration and to give character.


Escutcheon

The escutcheon, in ironmongery terms, is a plate normally made of brass or iron that surrounds the keyhole in the door. They are not only decorative but prevents damage to the wood of the door.


Fleur-de-lys

Design of three petal-like parts used in heraldry and as a decorative feature to ironmongery.


Forend

The visible face plate of a lock or latch once it is morticed into a door.


Galvanised

When iron or steel has been dipped and coated in zinc to prevent rusting and corrosion.


Georgian

The design style  inspired by the trends during the period of the reigns of George I, II and III.


Gothic

Many door attachments are designed to echo the 'Gothic’ period. This  European style was  used between the 12th and 16th century.


Handle

A door handle is long and designed to be used to be lifted or pushed as opposed to the knob that is designed to rotate.


Handforged

Ironmongery that has been shaped and styled by hand, by a process of plastic deformation using handheld tools, not poured into a mould.


Hinge

The joint upon which a door swings.


Kite mark

An official kite shaped mark affixed to goods that have been certified by the BSI British Standards Institution. For example the standard  BS 3621:2007 dictates the requirements for theft proof locks and is marked accordingly.


Knob

Knobs are made from various materials such as stainless steel, brass, porcelain, glass, wood. It is turned to open a door.


Knuckle

The joint of a hinge is described as the knuckle.


Lacquer

A hard glossy varnish that can be coloured or clear. Made from resin which is dispersed by solvent. A general rule is that in the UK a lacquer is sprayed on while varnish is applied.


Matt

Often referred to as a satin finish because of its lack of reflectivity.


Mortice knob

A mortice is the cavity and groove. The lock needs a mortice knob with the lock positioned in the centre of the thickness of the door with equal width either side.  


Porcelain

A ceramic material used to decorate traditional handles and knobs.


Powder Coating

A technique used to toughen an object by giving a harder skin than ordinary paint. The process employs the use of electrostatic charging and high-temperature curing.


PVC

Polyvinyl chloride is a very widely used thermoplastic polymer.


Radius

Radius the measurement taken from the outer edge of a circle to the centre.


Retro

Retro is a style that is taken from past trends especially those of the recent past,.


Rim knob

Rim knobs are used with rim locks. These locks have the mechanism enclosed within a metal casing and are attached to the face of the door. They will either have a keyhole and key or a snib type lock. These locks are not insurance approved on outside doors.


Rose

Round or other shaped plate that has knob or handle affixed. The rose is fixed to the door.


Rose fixings

Rose fixings are either concealed where the rose covers the screws or face fix where the rose has the holes in it making the screws  visible.


Rust

Reddish brown or yellow brown coating formed on metal caused by moisture.


Rustic

A simple country style of back plate latch and handle or knob. Made of iron or a metal that gives a metal effect often given a texture and painted black. Handles are often given a swirled end.


Sprung latch

A latch with a spring that is standard on most doors.


Stainless Steel

Stainless steel does not rust or corrode under normal conditions. It is an alloy of at least 10.5% chromium, carbon and iron.


Strike Plate

Fixed to the frame of the door the strike plate is designed to accept the deadbolt latch or lock.


T-Hinge

Mainly used on external doors the hinge when opened is in the shape of a T.


Thumb latch

A rustic traditional latch that uses  the thumb for opening the door.


Tubular Mortice Latch

The  most common method of opening a door is by using the tubular mortice with a handle or knob. The latch goes back into the door and returns on a spring when the door is closed.


Turn and release

Used for bathrooms or bedroom with a deadbolt lock, turning the thumb will lock the door.


UPVC

A durable hard plastic that is used in the construction industry. Unplasticised Polyvinyl Chloride. is considered healthier than PVC.